What is Congo Virus?
Congo Virus spreads a viral disease called Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) which spreads with tick bite. Its history is old because it was first discovered in 1944 in a cinema. The disease is more common in Africa, Asia, East Europe and the Middle East and now its attaching Pakistan. Congo Patios in Pakistan hospital observed and treated. The virus is very dangerous as it attacks animals and humans directly in the blood and tissues.
Signs and Symptoms of Congo Virus
The symptoms of Congo Virus appear after the tick bite within 1-3 days and the illness prolongs up to one week. The symptoms are instability in mood, mental confusion and black stools in humans and animals. It affects the liver which becomes swollen and can fail the kidney permanently. patients usually show signs of recovery after one or two weeks. However, 30% people die with the severity of Congo Virus.
Other clinical symptoms include fast heart rate, enlarged lymph nodes, and a rash in the mouth, throat and on the skin. There is an evidence of hepatitis and severely ill patients suffer rapid kidney failure, sudden liver failure or pulmonary failure after the fifth day of illness.
History of Congo Virus
A case reported in the 12th century of a hemorrhagic disease from what is now Tajikistan may have been the first known case of Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever. In June 1967, Soviet virologist Mikhail Chumakov registered an isolated from a fatal case that occurred in Samarkand (on the ancient Silk Road in Central Asia, not the Crimea) in the Catalogue of Arthropod-borne Viruses. This virus was first found causing deaths in the Crimean Peninsula in Europe where it was characterized in 1944. A few years later in 1969 this virus was found causing illness in the Congo region of Africa and from these two regions, the name of the fever caused by this virus was named as the Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever. It is mostly common in the Northern part of the world including Middle East, Africa and the Asian countries.
Prevention From Congo Virus
It is very important to prevent yourself from getting this virus. Personal tick avoidance measures are recommended, such as use of insect repellents, adequate clothing and body inspection for adherent ticks. Vaccine provides growing resistance against the Congo Virus.
Treatment of Congo Virus
There is no known vaccine for this virus to use in animals but in the case of humans, this fever can be treated using Ribavirin, which is an antiviral drug.In Pakistan, a lot of awareness campaigns and TV shows have been organized to deliver the awareness related to this deadly virus. Pakistan and National Institute of Health, Islamabad is taking interest in spreading the word out and helping people prevent themselves from this virus.
Wearing full covered clothes can be very helpful in preventing this virus to get to the body through skin. Especially in the days of Eid Ul Azha, the animals for sacrifice are in danger of catching it. Therefore, tucking the bottom of your pants into your socks can definitely avoid the ticks entering the bottom of the pants. This way you can save your toes and legs from bites.